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Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013, Page: 162-167
Effects of Fire Retardants on Jute Fiber Reinforced Polyvinyl Chloride/Polypropylene Hybrid Composites
Shovon Bhattacharjee, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Muhammad Hasnan Sazzad, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Muhammed Ariful Islam, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
M. M. Ahtashom, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Asaduzzaman , Scientific Officer, IFST, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Muhammed Yusuf Miah, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh
Received: Aug. 8, 2013;       Published: Sep. 20, 2013
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20130205.13      View  3844      Downloads  277
Abstract
Jute fiber (50 %) reinforced PVC+PP hybrid composites were prepared by injection molding and heat pressing. Mechanical properties (tensile strength, TS; bending strength, BS; tensile modulus, TM; bending modulus, BM; and impact strength, IS) and burning speed of composites were studied. Hybrid composite of 55 % PP and 45 % PVC showed the best results and was selected as desired specimen. TS, BS, TM, BM, IS and burning speed of the selected desired specimen (SDS) was found as 63.6 MPa, 68.7 MPa, 1.38 GPa, 1.76 GPa, 24 KJ/m2 and 3.2 cm/min respectively. Finer particle size Aluminium trihydrate (ATH) and Zinc borate with Antimony Trioxide (ZB-AT) was used as fire retardants. TS and IS decreased; on the contrary, TM and BM increased with increasing both AT and ZB-AT. But BS decreased with increasing ATH and increased with increasing ZB-AT. Burning speed of SDS reduced to 2.8 cm/min and 2.2 cm/min after using 10 % ATH and 10 % ZB-AT (ZB, 7.5%; AT, 2.5%) respectively.
Keywords
Fire Retardants, Flammability, Jute Fiber, PVC–PP Composite, Hybrid Composite Material, Zinc Borate, Aluminium Trihydrate, Mechanical Properties, Statistical Analysis
To cite this article
Shovon Bhattacharjee, Muhammad Hasnan Sazzad, Muhammed Ariful Islam, M. M. Ahtashom, Asaduzzaman , Muhammed Yusuf Miah, Effects of Fire Retardants on Jute Fiber Reinforced Polyvinyl Chloride/Polypropylene Hybrid Composites, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2013, pp. 162-167. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20130205.13
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