Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Page: 229-240
Effect of Microwave and Conventional Heating on the Cure Cycles of Particulate Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
Adefemi O. Adeodu, Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Christopher O. Anyaeche, Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Oluleke O. Oluwole, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Charles U. Omohimoria, Department of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Received: May 21, 2015;       Accepted: May 26, 2015;       Published: Jun. 16, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20150404.12      View  3963      Downloads  107
Abstract
Polymer composites by and large found suitable for many specific applications in the field of electrical, electronics, marine, aerospace and microelectronics. Thus a new technique for processing polymer composites has been explored and one such is microwave curing. The roles of microwave in the post curing of polymer matrix composites cannot be under estimated, as it has the capacity to reduce the undue lengthy cure cycle and also improve the mechanical properties of the composite produced. The aim of the study is to determine the effect of microwave post curing on the cure cycles of the unsaturated polyester composites reinforced with aluminum and carbon black. This effect was compared with that post cured using conventional oven with the objective of investigating the significance of microwave curing on the curing time of the produced composites. A specific study comprising of aluminum filled polyester based composite and carbon black filled polyester based composite were investigated using two different composite curing methods (microwave and conventional autoclave heating). The investigation, through experimentation was based on temperature profile in term of heating rate and cure characteristics in term of degree of cure of the produced composites. Comparing the results of the post-curing of the composites using microwave and conventional methods, 30% aluminum filled cured at 940C, 20% aluminum filled cure 920C, while 10% aluminum filled cured at 840C. Also, it took 20 minutes and 15 minutes for aluminium filled polyester and carbon black filled polyester composites respectively to reach ultimate cure in microwave system as compared to conventional autoclave system that takes the composite samples 290 minutes and 170 minutes respectively to get to the ultimate cure. It was concluded that post-curing of the particulate composites through microwave is able to achieve good heating rate and better control of temperature as compared to the conventional autoclave curing.
Keywords
Conventional Autoclave, Degree of Cure, Microwave, Polymer- Matrix Composites, Rate of Heating
To cite this article
Adefemi O. Adeodu, Christopher O. Anyaeche, Oluleke O. Oluwole, Charles U. Omohimoria, Effect of Microwave and Conventional Heating on the Cure Cycles of Particulate Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 229-240. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20150404.12
Reference
[1]
Kwack M., Robinson P., Bismarck A., Wise R., (2011). Curing of composite materials using the recently developed Haphaistos microwave. 18th International Conference on composites materials, Korea, Aug. 21-26
[2]
Yussoff R., Aroua M., Nesbitt A.and Day R. J., (2007). Curing of polymeric composite using microwave resin transfer moulding (RTM). Journal of Engineering Science and Technology. Vol. 2, 151-163.
[3]
Opalicki M., (1994). Curing Kinetics and Chemorheology of Thermoset Matrices for Composites, doctoral dissertation, Zagreb.
[4]
Vergnaud J.M., Bouzon J., (1992). Cure of Thermosetting Resins: Modeling and Experiments, Springer-Verlag, Berlin
[5]
Degamber, B. and Fernando, G. F. (2002). Process Monitoring of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites. MRS Bulletin, May, p. 370-380.
[6]
Metaxas A C (1993). Ceramic transactions (eds)
[7]
Thostenson E .T and Chou T.W (1999) Composites: Part A 30 1055
[8]
Sutton, W.H., (1989). Microwave Processing of Ceramics, Ceramic Bulletin, 68(2), 376-86.
[9]
Chen M., Siochi E.J., Ward T.C and McGrath J. E., (1993). Journal of Polymer Engineering and Science. 33, 1092.
[10]
Suckley, D.R. (2000). Microwave Processing of the Araldite LY5052:HY5052 Epoxy Resin System. M. Sc. Dissertation. UMIST, United Kingdom.
[11]
National Research Centre (NRC) (1994), Microwave Processing of Materials, National Materials Advisory Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Academy Press, USA, pp.1-7, 11-2, 100, 105.
[12]
Kwok Yeung Peter Wong, (2012). Measurement of mechanical electrical and thermal properties of glass powder reinforced epoxy composites. A MSc dissertation. University of Southern Queensland. Australia.
[13]
Katakura Y., (2001). Microwave Curing of Curing of Diglycidyl Ether of Bisphenol A/4-cyclohexane-1, 2-dicarboxylic Anhydride Resin System. M. Sc. Dissertation. UMIST.
[14]
Adeodu A. O., Anyaeche C. O., Oluwole O. O., (2014). Modeling of Microwave Curing of unsaturated Polyester Based Composite materials as Process guide. Journal of Advancement in Engineering and Technology. 1(1).
[15]
Philip C. Sturman and Rexford N. Y., (1999). Induction heating of Polymer matrix composite fibre strands. SAMPE Journal, Vol. 26, No 4.
[16]
Zhou J., Shi C., Mei B., Yuan R., Fu Z., (2003). Research on the Technology and Mechanical properties of the Microwaves processing of polymer. Journal of Material Processing Technology. Vol. 137(156-158).
[17]
Boey F. Y. C., Yap B. H., Chia L., (1999). Microwave curing of epoxy-amine system – Effect of curing agent on the enhancement. Polymer Testing. Vol. 18, 93-109.
[18]
Wei J., Hawley M. C and Demeuse M. T., (1995). Kinetics modeling and time- temperature-transformation diagram of microwave and thermal cure epoxy resin. Polymer Engineering and Science. Vol. 35(6), 461-470.
Browse journals by subject