Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2018, Page: 174-185
Optimizing the Choice of Limestone Deposits for the Production of Portland Cement in Cameroon
Blaise Ngwem Bayiha, Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Technical Teachers Training College, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Emmanuel Yamb, Department of Civil Engineering, Advanced Technical Teachers Training College, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Jordan Valdès Sontia Metekong, Laboratory of Materials Analyses, Local Materials Promotion Authority (MIPROMALO), Yaoundé, Cameroon
Ndigui Billong, Laboratory of Materials Analyses, Local Materials Promotion Authority (MIPROMALO), Yaoundé, Cameroon
Robert Nzengwa, LE3M, Faculty of Industrial Engineering, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Received: Aug. 22, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 10, 2018;       Published: Oct. 9, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20180705.12      View  325      Downloads  17
Abstract
Despite the presence of raw materials (limestone and clay) deposits for Portland cement production, the major part of cement sold in Cameroon is from crushed imported clinker. This contributes to high cost of this material and reduction of local employment. In this study and based on existing data, a multi-criteria analysis tool was developed and applied to guide decision in the choice of limestone deposits in Cameroon for the production of Portland cement. The criteria evaluated were: calcium carbonate (CaCO3) content of limestone, proximity of the limestone deposit to a qualified clay source, estimate of its capacity, area covered by the limestone deposit, extraction of limestone easiness, accessibility to the limestone deposit and the proximity of the limestone deposit to a source of energy. The study is conducted on twelve limestone deposits identified by previous studies around the country. The PROMETHEE II methodology used made it possible to highlight the best deposits with respect to the criteria set. The results showed in terms of preference that, the Bidzar and Mintom deposits respectively in the North and South Regions are the two best deposits to be considered for the local production of Portland cement. Their exploitation will more promote purely local cement industry in Cameroon.
Keywords
Cameroon, Limestone Deposits, Portland Cement Production, Multi-criteria Analysis, Promethee II
To cite this article
Blaise Ngwem Bayiha, Emmanuel Yamb, Jordan Valdès Sontia Metekong, Ndigui Billong, Robert Nzengwa, Optimizing the Choice of Limestone Deposits for the Production of Portland Cement in Cameroon, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2018, pp. 174-185. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20180705.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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