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Volume 9, Issue 3, May 2020, Page: 47-52
Review on Biosynthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity of Silver Nanoparticles
Tizeta Abera, Department of Chemistry, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Received: Jun. 23, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 8, 2020;       Published: Oct. 12, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20200903.12      View  21      Downloads  30
Abstract
Recently, nanotechnology has attracted great attention due to its wide applications for different fields of science. Nanoparticles are a cluster of atoms in the range of 1-100 nm that provides mechanical, optical, electrical, and structural advanced, and also an increased surface area than the original substance. Nanostructure materials have got an enhancement to the feature of life and preservation of the environment. Now a day’s silver nanoparticles have gained attention due to its uses in various areas of human interest in the industry, medicine, human health, and agriculture. It is the most popular metallic nanoparticles in antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-cancer properties as different researchers reported. The objective of this review is to brief recent progress in the biosynthesis of AgNPs. This review may have a great contribution in the field of green synthesis, characterization, and antibacterial activities of AgNPs. There are three types of nanoparticles synthesis approaches they are physical, chemical, and biological methods. The biological method for the synthesis of AgNPs is a preferable approach due to its simplicity, cost-effectiveness, easily scale up to the industry and non-toxicity. Plants and their parts contain carbohydrates, fats, proteins, nucleic acids, pigments, and several types of secondary metabolites which act as reducing agents to produce nanoparticles from metal salts without producing any toxic by-product. In this review, different researches reported different particle size of AgNPs (0.011 – 90 nm) and shape by using different plant material. I conclude This review is concerned with the green synthesis of AgNPs, characterization, and antibacterial activity of AgNPs.
Keywords
Antibacterial Activity, Characterization, Green Synthesis, Nanoparticles, Silver Nanoparticles
To cite this article
Tizeta Abera, Review on Biosynthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity of Silver Nanoparticles, International Journal of Materials Science and Applications. Vol. 9, No. 3, 2020, pp. 47-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20200903.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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