International Journal of Materials Science and Applications

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Study the Physical Properties of Zinc-Copper-Iron Alloy Coating the Mild Steel Substrate at Various Iron Content for Automobile Applications

Received: 13 September 2023    Accepted: 20 October 2023    Published: 14 December 2023
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Abstract

The Zinc-Copper-Iron alloy was employed as a surface coating material on a mild steel substrate by the electrochemical deposition to investigate the inherent physical characteristics of underlying Zinc-Copper-Iron alloy material. The metallic films were deposited on the substrate with various Iron contents to investigate what sort of effects Iron content has. For this purpose, four samples (Zinc-Copper, Zinc-Copper-xIron) of Zinc, Copper, and Iron alloy coating on a mild steel substrate were prepared. The electrolytic bath employed in the deposition process was composed of a solution containing 0.15M Zinc Sulfate (ZnSO4), 0.15M Copper Sulfate (CuSO4), and varying concentrations (ranging from 0.00M to 0.09M) of Iron Sulfate Heptahydrate (FeSO4.7H2O), alongside 0.25M boric acid H3BO3) serving as a buffer. This study maintained specific operational parameters at predefined values, including a deposition time of 15-20 minutes, a temperature of 50°C, a current density of 20mA cm-2, and a pH level of 3. The investigation centered on the analysis of the crystallographic properties of the ternary alloy coating consisting of Zinc, Copper, and Iron, the examination of surface morphology, and the evaluation of mechanical characteristics. The experimental outcomes stemming from the electro deposition process, employing various concentrations of Iron, revealed several noteworthy observations. Specifically, the surface exhibited increase in smoothness, a reduction in average grain size (from 12.3 to 9.7μm) and a general diminishing trend in both lattice constants (from 3.615 to 3.608Å) and crystal size (from 105.898 to 85.944nm).

DOI 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11
Published in International Journal of Materials Science and Applications (Volume 12, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 83-90
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Electro Deposition, Zn-Cu-Fe Alloy, X-Ray Diffraction, Mild Steel Substrate, Thickness, Morphology

References
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    Haseeb-U-Rehman, M., Ahmad, N., Abbas, M., Ayoub, A. (2023). Study the Physical Properties of Zinc-Copper-Iron Alloy Coating the Mild Steel Substrate at Various Iron Content for Automobile Applications. International Journal of Materials Science and Applications, 12(6), 83-90. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11

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    ACS Style

    Haseeb-U-Rehman, M.; Ahmad, N.; Abbas, M.; Ayoub, A. Study the Physical Properties of Zinc-Copper-Iron Alloy Coating the Mild Steel Substrate at Various Iron Content for Automobile Applications. Int. J. Mater. Sci. Appl. 2023, 12(6), 83-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11

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    AMA Style

    Haseeb-U-Rehman M, Ahmad N, Abbas M, Ayoub A. Study the Physical Properties of Zinc-Copper-Iron Alloy Coating the Mild Steel Substrate at Various Iron Content for Automobile Applications. Int J Mater Sci Appl. 2023;12(6):83-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11,
      author = {Muhammad Haseeb-U-Rehman and Naseeb Ahmad and Muhammad Abbas and Abbas Ayoub},
      title = {Study the Physical Properties of Zinc-Copper-Iron Alloy Coating the Mild Steel Substrate at Various Iron Content for Automobile Applications},
      journal = {International Journal of Materials Science and Applications},
      volume = {12},
      number = {6},
      pages = {83-90},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijmsa.20231206.11},
      abstract = {The Zinc-Copper-Iron alloy was employed as a surface coating material on a mild steel substrate by the electrochemical deposition to investigate the inherent physical characteristics of underlying Zinc-Copper-Iron alloy material. The metallic films were deposited on the substrate with various Iron contents to investigate what sort of effects Iron content has. For this purpose, four samples (Zinc-Copper, Zinc-Copper-xIron) of Zinc, Copper, and Iron alloy coating on a mild steel substrate were prepared. The electrolytic bath employed in the deposition process was composed of a solution containing 0.15M Zinc Sulfate (ZnSO4), 0.15M Copper Sulfate (CuSO4), and varying concentrations (ranging from 0.00M to 0.09M) of Iron Sulfate Heptahydrate (FeSO4.7H2O), alongside 0.25M boric acid H3BO3) serving as a buffer. This study maintained specific operational parameters at predefined values, including a deposition time of 15-20 minutes, a temperature of 50°C, a current density of 20mA cm-2, and a pH level of 3. The investigation centered on the analysis of the crystallographic properties of the ternary alloy coating consisting of Zinc, Copper, and Iron, the examination of surface morphology, and the evaluation of mechanical characteristics. The experimental outcomes stemming from the electro deposition process, employing various concentrations of Iron, revealed several noteworthy observations. Specifically, the surface exhibited increase in smoothness, a reduction in average grain size (from 12.3 to 9.7μm) and a general diminishing trend in both lattice constants (from 3.615 to 3.608Å) and crystal size (from 105.898 to 85.944nm).
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Study the Physical Properties of Zinc-Copper-Iron Alloy Coating the Mild Steel Substrate at Various Iron Content for Automobile Applications
    AU  - Muhammad Haseeb-U-Rehman
    AU  - Naseeb Ahmad
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11
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    JF  - International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
    JO  - International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmsa.20231206.11
    AB  - The Zinc-Copper-Iron alloy was employed as a surface coating material on a mild steel substrate by the electrochemical deposition to investigate the inherent physical characteristics of underlying Zinc-Copper-Iron alloy material. The metallic films were deposited on the substrate with various Iron contents to investigate what sort of effects Iron content has. For this purpose, four samples (Zinc-Copper, Zinc-Copper-xIron) of Zinc, Copper, and Iron alloy coating on a mild steel substrate were prepared. The electrolytic bath employed in the deposition process was composed of a solution containing 0.15M Zinc Sulfate (ZnSO4), 0.15M Copper Sulfate (CuSO4), and varying concentrations (ranging from 0.00M to 0.09M) of Iron Sulfate Heptahydrate (FeSO4.7H2O), alongside 0.25M boric acid H3BO3) serving as a buffer. This study maintained specific operational parameters at predefined values, including a deposition time of 15-20 minutes, a temperature of 50°C, a current density of 20mA cm-2, and a pH level of 3. The investigation centered on the analysis of the crystallographic properties of the ternary alloy coating consisting of Zinc, Copper, and Iron, the examination of surface morphology, and the evaluation of mechanical characteristics. The experimental outcomes stemming from the electro deposition process, employing various concentrations of Iron, revealed several noteworthy observations. Specifically, the surface exhibited increase in smoothness, a reduction in average grain size (from 12.3 to 9.7μm) and a general diminishing trend in both lattice constants (from 3.615 to 3.608Å) and crystal size (from 105.898 to 85.944nm).
    
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Author Information
  • Institute of Physics, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

  • Institute of Physics, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

  • Institute of Physics, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

  • Institute of Physics, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

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